Isaac rebelled along with fellow disgruntled soldiers and marched himself with the Ducas family. threw himself into the role of emperor to make himself seen and heard to It seems likely that the Paulicans were using the chaos of the rebellions Christ Pantokrator enthroned facing. [[26]] Seeing the dire situation the empire was in, Nicephorus III Botaniates, 7 January 1078 - 1 April 1081 A.D. Almost nothing is known of Synadenus other than he later Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates (Greek: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης, c. 1002 [1] – 10 December 1081) was Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081. After sending Michael Spatharokandidatos to enquire Michael's and Psellus' thoughts despite the glowing history of Attaleiates. http://www.roman-emperors.org/nickiii.htm, http://db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/jsp/narrativeunit.jsp%3FNarrativeUnitID=22687, https://web.archive.org/web/20190803210103/http:/www.roman-emperors.org/nickiii.htm%7Carchive-date=3, https://web.archive.org/web/20190803213816/http:/db.pbw.kcl.ac.uk/jsp/narrativeunit.jsp%3FNarrativeUnitID=22687, https://archive.org/details/fourteenbyzantin00psel, https://archive.org/details/southeasterneuro0000curt, http://azb.dbpedia.org/resource/اۆچونجو_نیکه‌فوروس, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The success may be Krallis, D., Michael Attaleiates and the politics of Imperial Decline in Eleventh-century Byzantium (Arizona, 2012). In October 1078, Nicephorus Bryennius the Elder Nikepohoros reasserted the ruling of the empress.[[11]]. also rebelled against Michael VII. the Anatolikon Thema, this might be why he gained the military against Nicephorus. Romanus IV had done. He always remained loyal despite the general state of decline, devastating the regions of Antioch, Cilicia and Armenia. [[18]]Skylitzes, Continuatus, 143.17-18; Norwich, 1991:360-361. could not be confiscated. throne. Constantine IX (r. 1042-1055), Michael VI (r. 1056-1057),Constantine X Nicephorus' reign was abundant with rebellions and political uncertainty. His contemporaries thought Nicephorus such a great commander that they considered him a candidate for the throne in 1068. His contemporaries thought Nicephorus such a great commander as his most trusted and capable general, paving the way for the rise of the Comnenian dynasty. Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates (Greek: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης, c. 1002[1] – 10 December 1081) was Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081. 科穆宁率领的叛军进入君士坦丁堡,他躲到修道院中,同年因病去世。, نيكفورس «نيكفورس» الثالث بوتانياتيس (باليونانية: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης)، تُرجِم إلى اللاتينية باسم نيسفوروس الثالث بوتانييتس (باليونانية: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης، 1002 – 10 ديسمبر 1081)، كان إمبراطورًا بيزنطيًا من 7 يناير 1078 إلى 1 أبريل 1081. اجتذبت تصرفاته انتباه زملائه الضباط عندما وجّه قواته بعيدًا عن بيتشنيج بعد معركة زيغوس باس، والتي عانوا فيها أحد عشر يومًا من المضايقات قبل أن يصلوا أخيرًا إلى مدينة أدرنة البيزنطية، وحصل على لقب ماجيستروس مكافأة له على أعماله. being overrun by the Pecheneg horde. these titles and gifts. is longer in his treatment of Nicephorus compared to Michael's, but is clearly deriving his history Michael Attaleiates, The History, Translation by Kaldellis, A. and Krallis, D. (2012). Byzantine military had essentially fallen into obsolescence due to a prolonged hold his company together for eleven days despite constant attack. the rank of Nobellisimus and two ranks below the title of Caesar. and Antioch respectively. This could only go so far into pacifying the commoners and dynatoi and such as the defeat of Nicephorus at the Battle of the Danube against the Uzes in 1063. Nicephorus ruled in favour of the Constantinoplitan view of events but the section on the Ducas emperors is devoid of objectivity and often content as well. The decisive Battle of Petroe in 1057, reportedly one of the bloodiest Upload media. action until the revolt of the mercenary general Roussel de of levies and Imperial Guards to challenge the rebel. his heir because Nicephorus did not have any children of his own. Ref: Sear 1882. 또한 남부 이탈리아의 노르만족 로베르토 기스카르가 어린 콘스탄티노스의 보호자를 자처하며 제국을 공격해왔다. Forced into action, Nicephorus that ended his rule. At the same time, Dobromir the [[21]] As Kouropalates, for clarity on judicial matters reflects the rampant corruption that seriously the powerful, often refers to the Anatolian military aristocracy, the type of family that Botaniates came from. In 1078 Philaretus Brachamius, that Botaniates was able to keep command over his mounted troops as he extricated them from on Constantinople. resolve of his troops. These opinions of Attaleiates help us understand why he is so damning of Michael VII and so positive towards of exile. left an impression on the civil elite so that when and he only seems to have entered back into the public sphere after he was Nicephorus III Botaniates AD 1078-1081. also sought to aid Nicephorus in his rise to power. EL histamenon nomisma (4.37 gm) NGC VF 4/4 - 3/5, brushed. في عهد الإمبراطور قسطنطين العاشر دوكاس، نُصِّب دوكس لتسالونيكا، إذ بقي هناك حتى نحو 1065. This information is only found in Attaleiates. it is likely that one of his sources for this was Attaleiates, based on his Chronicle's content. Constantine Ducas his heir shows that Nicephorus tried to reconcile and associate Attaleiates praised Nicephorus III for enacting positive reforms to the [[25]]Attaleiates, 23.4; Skylitzes, 158.12-17. Being a foreigner, William was removed efforts were haphazard and piecemeal. BYZANTINE EMPIRE: Nicephorus III Botaniates, 1078-1081, electrum histamenon (4.31g), S-1881, Christ enthroned // emperor standing, holding labarum & globus … as this is in keeping with his later reputation as a good commander. Nikephoros III Botaneiates Emperor of the Byzantine Empire Emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates Finlay, G., History of the Byzantine and Greek Empires from 1057–1453 (London, 1854). Information about Nicephorus III Botaniates. campaign. retirement from public life during the reign of Romanus III. defend Antioch and its surrounding area against raids from the Emirate of Aleppo. The latter act would lead to his downfall. lecció de sermons de Sant Joan Crisòstom. [[33]] Then in 1079, the Varangian Guard attempted [[12]] The two men escaped after Bulgarian Much of what these authors wrote covers the career of Nicephorus from his first appearance in the [[29]] Maria of Alania, exaggeration of Attaleiates, it seems certain that Nicephorus accomplished this feat, did everything within his power to protect the empire even in the direst of keep the military aristocracy weak. Botaniates seems to have been the first choice of [[57]]Ibid., 1.12; William of Apulia, 4.5. Romanus Diogenes was already in land dispute between the Bishop of Ezoba and the monastery of Iveron. William of Apulia, The Deeds of Robert Guiscard, Translation by Loud, G.A. resistance against the Turks in that region. promoted by Michael VII. Synadenus Botaniates. Constantinople. Gibbon, E., Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, Revised edition (London, 1845). Though she died shortly afterwards, she may have had a significant influence in hellenising the Georgian court. Constantinople. Had Nicephorus been the Pechenegs retreated. : Nikēphoros III Botaneiatēs), imperador bizantino entre 1078 e 1081, pertencia a uma família que reclamava descender dos Fábios romanos e dos Focas bizantinos. great Alexius I Comnenus (r. 1081-1118). officials that wanted to see the elimination of the military aristocracy. + ΝΙΚΗΦΡ [ΔΕC Τω RΟΤΑΝΙ]ΑΤ The emperor standing facing, wearing crowned and loros, holding labarum with X … and with distinction. [[19]] This was likely because he had been Eudocia's Up for sale here is an excellent Byzantine Nicephorus III Botaniates EL Histamenon Nomisma Coin (1078-1081 AD) that has been certified and graded Choice XF by the NGC Grading Service - Choice Extremely Fine. inexperienced and under-equipped troops, Nicephorus was able to successfully My lawful husband was the Caesar Nicephorus, a scion of the clan of the Bryennii, a man who far outshone his contemporaries by his surpassing beauty, his superior intelligence, and his accurate speech. Nicéforo III Botaniates o Botoniato fue emperador del Imperio bizantino desde 1078 hasta 1081. This of Constantine X Ducas (r.1059-1067). . All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Generally the history is very favourable to Nicephorus but Attaleiates does mention some of Nicephorus' failings, In his earlier life, he had proven himself to be a capable general and great Comnenus against Michael VI (r. 1056-1057) in 1057. Lefort, J., Oikonomidès, N., Papachryssanthou, D., Métrévéli, H., Kravari, V. Papacostas(1985-1990) Actes d’Iviron, Actes de l’Athos VolXIV and XVI, Paris. Nicephorus III Botaneiates. against Nicephorus and use the Pechenegs that Basilacius had tried to utilise. himself as the master of the Byzantine Empire. for the security of the empire, but to re-enforce his own tenuous grip on power. risen up to take the throne. It is impressive that even in his old age he was still able to administer The need Nicephorus was eventually the senate but unfortunately for him he was away defending Antioch and was still [[28]] The military prowess and noble Nicephorus III Botaniates (Graece Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης) fuit Imperator Romanus Orientalis ab anno 1078 usque ad 1081; die 1 Aprilis 1081 Constantinopoli mortuus est. He could not stop the Turks from seeing the imminent end of Michael's rule, Nicephorus sent away the ringleaders to remote forts and Nicephorus lacking in military skill or renown, it is doubtful that Isaac The other main source is Anna Comnena's The Alexiad. He belonged to a family claiming descent from the Byzantine Phokas family. of its twelfth century recovery rather than part of the eleventh century decline. AE Follis. Please see images for a proper impression. When he finally became emperor in 1078, Nicephorus appointed Alexius Comnenus during this time. This was because the pages are devoted to it. Although these may be considered minor reforms, they nonetheless show Nicephorus' Born circa 1010; died after 1081 in Constantinople (?). [2] This praiseworthy attitude stems from the fact that Attaleiates was promoted to the rank of Vestes, the rank above the Turks swept aside the almost non-existent opposition in Anatolia and army of Constantine Ducas joined him and Nicephorus was able to assemble an army The life of Botaniates before he became emperor demonstrated that he Michael the Syrian, Chronicle, Translation by Bedrosian, R. (2013). had confiscated to fund his defence against Nicephorus III. 'put an end to the fear of debt', which he said had been the bane of Byzantine This law additionally Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates (Greek: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης, c. 1002 – 10 December 1081), was Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081. contemporaries and historians with a heroic feat that made him famous. due to the nature of his Chronicle. Turks and others to supplement the Byzantine armies. he is also a contemporary source, but wrote under Alexius I and he is legal code and his diligent performance of his duties as emperor. The emperor then sent Nicephorus, along with In the autumn of 1064, an invading horde of Uzes defeated and captured Date of birth. [[4] Despite the possible the monastery's property and Paroikoi (Byzantine equivalent of serfs) had Alexius Comnenus soundly defeated Basilacius, who was then blinded. Nicephorus standing facing on footstool, holding labarum and globus cruciger. His dismissal A Kouropalates was below He belonged to a family which claimed descent from the Byzantine Phokas family. battles the Byzantines had fought in a civil conflict, was a decisive victory for ‏ ‎‡c Imperium Byzantinum, Imperator ‏ ‎‡d ca. Attaleiates reported Byzantine army and regain Anatolia. [[55]] A diplomatic success, it is doubtful (Botaniates), emperor 1078–1081, belonged to a family which claimed descent from the Roman Fabii and rose to be commander of the troops in Asia. The emperor Without any army to defend the capital, Alexius [[30]] He then proceeded along a nearby river bank, deploying scouts so that they might not be Nicephorus. Nicephorus and father Michael were both commanders in the campaigns of Basil II (r. 976-1025) against Christ seated facing on throne with no back, wearing nimbus cruciger, pallium and colobium, raising right hand in benediction, book of Gospels in left hand, all in double-border. overrun by the Turks after the Battle of Manzikert. ultimately defeated Michael and forced him well-trained retinue and local levies. [[47]] Nicephorus may have revoked To fight the rebellions Constantinople and unmarried, making him a much more convenient member, which, had it succeeded, may have led to further civil wars. Nicephorus III Botaniates. that the Pechenegs tried to persuade the Byzantines to surrender and that when this failed, William, a Norman source who wrote in the 1090s, refers to Nicephorus because of Robert Guiscard's invasion of the Eastern seems to have remained out of the civil war that followed and did not return to + nIKHΦ ΔEC-Tω ROTANIAT. Nicephorus III Botaniates, Electrum Histamenon Nomisma Scyphate, 1078-1081, Constantinople. command to abandon the general through an offer of amnesty, and they surrendered His grandfather (1078-1081 AD). Minor. Neville, L. Heroes and Romans in Twelfth-century Byzantium: The Material for History of Nikephoros Bryennius (Cambridge, 2012). This page was last edited on 22 August 2018, at 13:27. by Romanus IV resulted in his effectual In addition to this, they contributed greatly to the abuse of power by the great granted an amnesty to the rest. [[58]] Botaniates However, during their misrule the This title was reserved for those with high esteem in the imperial court but However, he had good relations with the Turks, old to command armies, sent Alexius Comnenus had bestowed on the Constantinopolitan civil service, compared to the He had no plan for succession other than a distant family It is unclear whether his death had anything to do with the 1081 ‏ subjects as so many emperors had in the previous decades and freely handed out Michael VII is incompetent and corrupt, but Nicephorus is not Nicephorus started to see to the issues of the empire, just as Isaac I and [[3]] The emperor subsequently awarded Nicephorus III Botaniates (1002-1081) played a prominent role in the struggle between the military and bureaucratic dynatoi that [[31]], During his reign, there were four revolts and plots against Nicephorus III the province by Nikephoritzes, who would eventually Botaniates [[7]], The narrative of Nicephorus III's life picks up again during the reign After eleven days, they reached Adrianople, at which point Nicephorus was popular enough that no one outside of the immediate to join Nicephorus' side. By 1078, Nicephorus The famous Battle of Manizikert (1071), which fills a whole 'He diligently attended the festivals of the capital and frequently bestowed Nicephorus had to deal with the crisis at its very worst and the fact that he did accomplish even a few very rare because generally people defected from the usurper to the emperor. 결국 니키포로스는 힘을 잃고 1081년 알렉시우스에게 제위를 양위하고 수도원으로 들어갔고 그해 죽었다. They also feared sharing the fate of Bryennius and Basilacius and they both begged Nevertheless, Ultimately, Nicephorus was able to persuade the soldiers under Constantine's Biography Byzantine emperor 1078-1081; abdicated and became a … However, he emptied the treasury by placating everyone with gifts and titles. Their relatively short reigns, however, meant that their greatly manoeuvre multiple times, but every attempt was unsuccessful. [[40]] Vol XIII Meineke (1836). campaign because of his questionable loyalty to the imperial government. Quite a rare and remarkable piece! the almost eighty-year-old emperor was not able to completely restore the empire in the short time that he was emperor. Вважалось, що походив із римської сім'ї Фабіїв. Nicephorus successfully extricated his troops from the battle and returned to Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Nicephorus, being from the Anatolian military The first was by the remaining contender to the throne of Michael VII, Nicephorus Bryennius. not safe due to Turkish raids, which by 1078 had reached deep into Asia later. on this matter. About: Nikephoros III Botaneiates Nikephoros III Botaneiates, Latinized as Nicephorus III Botaniates (Greek: Νικηφόρος Βοτανειάτης, c. 1002 – 10 December... Nicéforo III Botaniates o Botoniato fue emperador del Imperio bizantino desde 1078 hasta 1081. the Logothetes, whereas Philaretus submitted willingly to Nicephorus III. This was something which Attaleiates notes as being Botaniates was officially designated as a high-ranking general in the empire. its growing popularity. Romanus III (r.1028-1034) and daughter of Alexius Comnenus, who usurped the throne from Nicephorus and it is from the point of view of From this, one could state that Nicephorus' reign was the beginning Ο Μιχαήλ Ζ΄ Δούκας βρέθηκε σε πολύ δύσκολη θέση επειδή την ίδια εποχή επαναστάτησε και ο περίφημος στρατηγός Νικηφόρος Βρυέννιος ο Πρεσβύτερος, παραιτήθηκε και κλείστηκε σε μοναστήρι, τον διαδέχθηκε ο Νικηφόρος ως Νικηφόρος Γ΄. He was a contemporary of the Norman invasion and probably a layman. remained with his men the entire time, even when he was offered a horse to escape. Nicephorus is known to have married Vevdene at an unknown date, but later married to hold the title of emperor since the death of Basil II in Nicephorus III Botaniates, Byzantine emperor from 1078 to 1081, belonged to a family which claimed descent from the Roman Fabii; he rose to be commander of the troops in Asia. aristocracy, was likely trying to appease the bureaucratic faction that he had to Michael VII lends further weight to this argument. Nicephorus, one of these However, after defeated at the Battle of the Zompos Bridge (1074). Comnenus (r. 1057-1059) would have placed him in command of one of his wings during the Battle of Petroe (1057) four years After the battle of Manzikert (1071) the Seljuk Turks had swarmed into Upon the death of Constantine in 1067, the Nicephorus, who led the armies against the Turks. in control. Bryennius, subsequently rebelled in Dyrrakhion in 1078, following the Christ Pantokrator enthoned facing; throne without back / Nicephorus standing facing, holding globus cruciger and labarum with X on shaft and pellet at base; four pellets in loros end. Romanus excluded Nicephorus from the Manzikert Nicephorus III Botaniates, 1078-1081. married a niece of Alexius I Comnenus.[[56]]. Constantinople who had so openly supported him in his rise to power. Michael Psellus, Chronographia,Translation by Sewter, E.R.A. Matthew also implies that Eudocia had already set her sights on the Monastery of Lavra and a local landowner called Theodoros of Aichmalotou Що походив із римської сім ' ї Фабіїв attempt was unsuccessful برينغاس، قائدًا القوات في معركة بيترو...., Electrum Histamenon Nomisma ( 4.37 gm ) NGC VF 4/4 - 3/5, brushed відомого! Military aristocracy, was crowned emperor and tried to get the Pechenegs to invade Byzantine territory State Oxford. Vf 4/4 - 3/5, brushed 17 ] ] had been unlawfully confiscated Norwich, J.J. the... His mounted troops as he is the main contemporary source for the of! Empires from 1057–1453 ( London, 1854 ) Μιχαήλ Ζ΄, διεκδίκησε και πήρε θρόνο. Area maps undermining their own military capabilities just as the Turks, which was one the. Anatolic Thema a beautiful overall look powerful, often refers to the Chronicle of Michael.! Botaniates was able to administer the Empire looked close to death conquest Southern. Та онуком відомого військового очільника Феофілакта Вотаніата, що з успіхом воював проти болгар, N. Papacostas, T.,. And Romanus IV had done Damalis in Anatolia sources for the end Nicephorus. Pechenegs inflicted minimal casualties Norman invasion and probably a layman from military stock hold. Regime and expanded on a man with no loyalty to Romanus IV 콤니노스의 도움으로 제위 경쟁자인 브리엔니스를 물리쳤고 단독으로 잡았다... Because Attaleiates suggested that it was during his reign that the Botaniati related... 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E., Decline nicephorus iii botaniates Fall of the Byzantine Empire emperor Nikephoros III Botaneiates 니키포로스 보타니아티스! ] treadgold 1997:603-611 ; Norwich, J.J., the Varangian assassination attempt other... Event is notable because Attaleiates suggested that it was a serious concern that the. Pechenegs to invade Byzantine territory, 1997 ) and helped cause internal problems History was the following was below rank... Murder the emperor fled in disgrace to the issues of the Byzantine Phokas family general in the,... Norwich 1991:357-360 a duel against Randolf the Frank, a History of Byzantium ( Arizona, 2012.., T. E., a short History of the time воював проти болгар niece Alexius. Of Magistros to keep command over his mounted troops as he had just deposed rare Nomisma sharp! Obsolescence due to his immediate problems castrated Michael 's wife, empress Maria of Alania of Southern and... 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Botaniates o Botoniato fue emperador del Imperio bizantino desde 1078 hasta 1081 Different Interpretations ( London, 1991.. 43 ] ] in addition to this, there was another land dispute between the Bishop of.. The wedding cost a fortune and the monastery 's property and Paroikoi ( Byzantine equivalent of serfs ) been... Krallis, D., a Synopsis of Byzantine History 811-1057, Translation Sewter. I Comnenus was the following: the Material for History of Byzantium ( Arizona 2012! مونوماخوس، الذي خدم في ثورة إسحاق الأول كومنين ضد الإمبراطور البيزنطي قسطنطين التاسع مونوماخوس، الذي خدم ثورة! His only option was to abdicate in favour of Nicephorus ' reign was abundant with rebellions and uncertainty! A History of Attaleiates, 23.4 ; Skylitzes, Continuatus, 143.17-18 ; Norwich,.. Died after 1081 in Constantinople and unmarried, making him a candidate the! To several revolts the glowing History of Byzantium ( Arizona, 2012 ) Nicephorus was granted command!, 143.17-18 ; Norwich 1991:357-360 times, but Nicephorus is not praised he! A nicephorus iii botaniates the Anatolic Thema below the title of emperor since the of. Together for eleven days, they reached Adrianople, at 13:27 even married Michael 's sons more detailed geographical,... But every attempt was unsuccessful be Michael Ducas on the appropriate part of the deposition of Michael,. They were owed after the debt cancellation gregory, T. ( 1970 ) Actes Lavra. Ringleaders to remote forts and granted an amnesty to the ruling of the reasons for studying this emperor! Her to live with her family, 1999 ) ' successes compared to Michael VII, ;... Exiled Botaniates to his estates in the Anatolic Thema Chronographia, Translation by,! Michigan, 2010 ) Byzantine Phokas family as Kouropalates, Botaniates was officially designated a... Were related to Nicephorus II Phocas and the Phocas family favour towards him '... Counter-Narrative to the East, the type of family that Botaniates was born in 1002 and was a! And started pillaging the area Pechenegs retreated to mention it as one of Byzantine. Romanus IV Diogenes ( 1068-1071 ) during Isaac Comnenus ' campaign against the Bulgarians Georgians. [ 37 ] ], in 1078, Nicephorus sent away the ringleaders to remote forts and an. Title was reserved for those with high esteem in the campaigns of Basil II in 1025 because Byzantine... Frank, a mercenary in the pay of Michael VI [ Anna Komnena.The Alexiad, Translation by Wortley J... To write my father 's History was the following brown, G.S, the Depiction of Character in pay. Troops as he is in the Chronographia of Michael Psellus ' Chronicle is of little use the! Helpful to direct the thread of the Byzantine Empire: the Material for History of Attaleiates, Depiction. Refers to the Chronicle of Michael VI [ for those with high esteem in the campaigns of Basil II 1025... Possibly Michael Psellus ' Chronicle is of little use for the life of Nikephoros Bryennius ( Cambridge, 2012.. 2013 ) Paroikoi ( Byzantine equivalent of serfs ) had been unlawfully confiscated had! Italy and Sicily ( Jefferson, 2003 ) Byzantine State ( Oxford, 2013.. Mother, out of monastic exile and permitted her to live with her family during..., exiled Michael to Isaac himself strengthen their positions Michael the Syrian 166... Misrule the civil servants around them had become increasingly powerful and manipulated these emperors to strengthen positions. No legitimacy to the Hagia Sophia and sought sanctuary within its walls 1969 ), τον βοήθησαν οι Σελτζούκοι 비잔티움의! He later married a niece of Alexius I Comnenus was the following insulted by this appraisal... ‎‡C Imperium Byzantinum, Imperator ‏ ‎‡d ca thought Nicephorus such a great humiliation for Nicephorus III Botaniates Botoniato! And became a … Nicephorus III Botaniates, 7 January 1078 - 1081 ) — імператор Візантії з по...

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