He played number of supporting parts before a producer in 1935 insisted on changing his name to Lon Chaney Jr. as a marketing ploy. An incomplete print exists in the National Film Archives in London. "Actors should pay more attention to their work and less attention to their fan mail," Chaney once said. About a year later, according to his biography, Chaney learned the trade of carpet laying and wallpaper hanging at the urging of his father. As recounted in a profile for PBS' American Masters, Chaney was once caught placing fallen baby birds back in their nest. These are the stories which I wish to do." Unfortunately, Chaney, one of film's great visual artists, would not survive to see the medium into the age of sound. Vestal Press Inc. The movie actor Lon Chaney died at the age of 47. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Vestal Press Inc. Sadly, the last surviving print of the film was destroyed in a vault fire in the mid-1960s, according to The Hollywood Revue. Lon Chaney's ability to radically transform himself for any role no matter how bizarre or grotesque made him a household name. [Note 1]. When Chaney was away branching out on films such as Riddle Gawne and The Kaiser, the Beast of Berlin (both 1918), Stowell and Phillips would continue on as a duo until Chaney's return. ", During the filming of Thunder in the winter of 1929, Chaney developed pneumonia. Hewing closely to Leroux's description, Chaney's Phantom is cadaverous and ghastly, with hollow eyes, ruined nose, and a mouth pulled into a skull-like rictus. Page 26. In 1906, the couple had their only child, a son they named Creighton Tull. Lon's cause of death was heart failure. Vestal Press Inc. Chaney exhibited great adaptability with makeup in more conventional crime and adventure films, such as The Penalty (1920), in which he played a gangster with both legs amputated. Vestal Press Inc. Blake, Michael F. (1998). Chaney signed a sworn statement declaring that five of the key voices in the film (the ventriloquist, the old woman, a parrot, the dummy and the girl) were his own. Blake, Michael F. (1998). By 1917 Chaney was a prominent actor in the studio, but his salary did not reflect this status. Use this page to find out if Lon Chaney, Jr. is dead or alive. Upon marrying, the new couple gained custody of Chaney's 10-year-old son Creighton, who had resided in various homes and boarding schools since Chaney's divorce from Cleva in 1913.. Starring opposite Hart as a dastardly cattle rustler, he received high praise for the role, catching the eye of moviegoers and critics alike. As Quasimodo, the bell ringer of Notre Dame Cathedral, and Erik, the "phantom" of the Paris Opera House, Chaney created two of the most grotesquely deformed characters in film history. Lon Chaney's first year after leaving Universal was a struggle, but he finally made a breakthrough when legendary Western filmmaker William S. Hart cast him in 1918's Riddle Gwane. Chaney's maternal grandfather, Jonathan Ralston Kennedy, founded the "Colorado School for the Education of Mutes" (now Colorado School for the Deaf and Blind) in 1874, and Chaney's parents met there.  Most of what the Hollywood studios knew about film stemmed from their experience with theater make-up, but this did not always transfer well to the big screen, especially as the film quality increased over time. Vestal Press Inc. He was also famous from other names as Lon Chaney Sr., The Man of a Thousand Faces. Stowell and Phillips made The Heart of Humanity (also 1918), bringing in Erich von Stroheim for a part as the villain that could easily have been played by Chaney. Chaney had a breakthrough performance as "The Frog" in George Loane Tucker's The Miracle Man (1919). It also caused the actor considerable pain, intense lower back strain, and broken blood vessels. Little is known of Hazel, except that her marriage to Chaney was solid. Vestal Press Inc. In 1926, according to LonChaney.com, he married first wife Dorothy Hinckley and went to work for his father-in-law as secretary-treasurer of the General Water Heater Company. He was 47 years old. Blake, Michael F. (1998). The man behind the iconic makeup was horror's first superstar, Lon Chaney. The case is occasionally displayed for the public. He is regarded as one of the most versatile and powerful actors of cinema, renowned for his characterizations of tortured, often grotesque and afflicted characters, and his groundbreaking artistry with makeup. For unknown reasons, Chaney's crypt has remained unmarked. Other examples of injuries Chaney sustained for his art include the permanent partial loss of vision in his right eye due to the putty and adhesive tape wart he wore as Quaisomodo and bleeding caused by The Phantom of the Opera's wire-frame nasal appliance. Blake, Michael F. (1998). At his bedside when he died were his wife and Creighton Chaney, a son by a former marriage. In one of his most celebrated roles, Lon Chaney starred as a legless criminal mastermind in The Penalty. Approximately 100 of the 157 films made by Chaney are currently classified as lost films. In a tradition held over from theater, film actors were expected to design and apply their own makeup in the early days of the movie industry. His death shocked Hollywood. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Page 42. Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, Family, Wiki. Vestal Press Inc. "The Films of Lon Chaney". The lengths to which Chaney would go for characterizations of deformity and mutilation, while often painful, have also been largely exaggerated over the years. "The Films of Lon Chaney". I am mesmerised by him," Jones says. Nevertheless, Universal refused to pay Chaney a salary equal to his value. He was the complete package. Diagnosed with bronchial cancer likely caused by years of heavy smoking, Chaney remained well enough to complete his only talking picture, a remake of his 1925 film The Unholy Three. As Chaney biographer Michael F. Blakes writes in his 1993 book Lon Chaney: The Man Behind the Thousand Faces, Chaney left his job as a wallpaper hanger and became a full-time stagehand at the Colorado Springs Opera House. Apparently filmed in 1914 but only released on Nov. 23, 1916, Apparently filmed in 1914 but only released on Mar. "My introduction to Lon Chaney came about because of Famous Monsters of Filmland Magazine," Baker told Turner Classic Movies. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Mrs. Lon Chaney dies. Unfortunately, Chaney's illness was far more serious than a simple case of tonsillitis. AKA Leonidas Frank Chaney. The court granted Chaney the divorce and awarded him custody of his son. He was American by natinoanliy. He was Movies (Actor) by profession. But could be traced to a series of debilitating illness caused by his work for the screen. We are unaware of information about Lon's family or relationships. , Lon Chaney has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, located on Hollywood Boulevard. Vestal Press Inc. Already well-established as the "Man of a Thousand Faces" prior to The Phantom of the Opera's release, Chaney's skills as a makeup artist combined with his mastery of physical expression made him not only the silent era's most important character actor but the prime influence on the development of cinematic special effects. Blake, Michael F. (1998). Cause of death was not disclosed. Before her husband entered the movies she was well known In Vaudeville. Period. In late 1929 he was diagnosed with bronchial lung cancer. ", Chaney and his second wife Hazel led a discreet private life distant from the Hollywood social scene. Blake, Michael F. (1998). Entertaining his mother and relating the day's events to her without words, he became a master of communication through physical expression. According to Chaney biographer Michael F. Blake, Chaney's reputation as a master of makeup caught the eye of the entertainment press as early as 1916, when his work was featured in both Motion Picture Weekly and Photoplay Journal. I almost worship the man. When Chaney asked for a raise, studio executive William Sistrom replied, "You'll never be worth more than one hundred dollars a week." Frontier Marshal (1939) [Pringle]: … Complaining of a cough and throat irritation, Chaney consulted a physician about a tonsillectomy, hoping that the procedure might relieve his chronic symptoms. His father was of English and French ancestry, and his mother was of Scottish, English, and Irish descent. Page 28. When I found that magazine, I thought it was a gift from the gods. The dwarfed, misshapen beggar of the streets may have the noblest ideals. , Makeup in the early days of cinema was almost non-existent with the exception of beards and moustaches to denote villains. "The Films of Lon Chaney". 1-216). The U.S. Marine Corps provided a chaplain and Honor Guard for his funeral. During the filming of Thunder in the winter of 1929, Chaney developed pneumonia. Page 54. Top 10 last week queries: lon chaney jr, lon chaney cause of death, lon chaney death, lon chaney the unknown, lon chaney roles, lon chaney, lon chaney phantom of the opera, lon chaney wolfman, lon chaney jr wolfman, lon chaney jr height, lon chaney imdb, lon chaney hunchback of notre dame, lon chaney clown, lon chaney bela lugosi, lon … With the added marquee value of the name "Lon Chaney Jr.," the young actor at last saw a degree of success. Encouraging Chaney's gifts, husband-and-wife filmmaking team Joseph DeGrasse and Ida May Park employed the actor in 64 films between 1914 and 1918. An eye wart constructed with adhesive tape and nose putty and cut down cigar holders inserted in his nostrils completed the disturbing look. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Upon his father's passing and the failure of his plumbing business during the Great Depression, Chaney decided to change careers. The tortures of The Penalty would pale to the extremes to which Chaney would go to for 1923's The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Critical praise and a gross of over $2 million put Chaney on the map as America's foremost character actor. In his pursuit of creating realistic characters for the screen, Chaney employed painful techniques to warp and alter his physical features. Page 47. "The Films of Lon Chaney". 1944 - Earle Theater Ad - 14 Jan MC - Allentown PA.jpg 2,810 × 2,110; 961 KB The film industry and public tastes moved on, and over the years Chaney’s memory was somewhat hijacked so that he became remembered as … The effect was startling. Blake, Michael F. (1998). 19, 1917, Roughly two minutes of footage exist in a private collection, About half the film still exists (incomplete print) at the George Eastman House Film Archive. ", Actor Doug Jones, best known for playing creatures in Guillermo del Toro's films Pan's Labyrinth and The Shape of Water calls Lon Chaney "the grandfather" of his profession. Lon Chaney real name was Leonidas Frank Chaney. Lon Chaney Jr. death quick facts: When did Lon Chaney Jr. die? A print of the film survives, missing the main title but otherwise complete. Here is all you want to know, and more! During the filming of The Unknown (1927), Joan Crawford stated that she learned more about acting from watching Chaney work than from anyone else in her career. This was exacerbated when artificial snow, made out of cornflakes, lodged in his throat during filming and quickly created a serious infection.  In absence of specialized make-up artist professions, Chaney's make-up artistry skills gave him a competitive advantage over other actors. Dedicated makeup departments were unheard-of until 1917. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Upon returning to California, Chaney developed a high fever. ", The Amazing Life And Tragic Death Of Lon Chaney, first universally recognized movie monster, Chaney employed a combination of techniques, frequent massaging of his legs between takes, originally attributed to director Marshall Neilan. He was 47 years old. A nitrate print was discovered in Georgia in 1983.  His great-grandfather was congressman John Chaney. En route from one city to another, Stowell was in the caboose when it was hit by the locomotive from another train; he was killed instantly. One famous example is the long-held assertion that the hump he wore for The Hunchback of Notre Dame was a 70-pound piece of solid rubber. Only able to wear the apparatus for short periods, Chaney suffered broken blood vessels and required frequent massaging of his legs between takes. Death Statistics lon chaney jr died on 07/12/1973 at the age of 67. lon was prominently known as an actor, and is remembered fondly by family, friends, and fans. Still, Lon Chaney knew the value of maintaining his myth. The cabin (designed by architect Paul Williams) still stands, and is preserved by the Inyo National Forest Service. Lung cancer, but legions of fans insisted the silent film star was silenced once and for all because of that incident on set. The time spent there is not clearly known, but between the years 1912 and 1917, Chaney worked under contract for Universal Studios doing bit or character parts. Vestal Press Inc. According to LonChaney.com, the official website of the Chaney estate, the harness used in the film bound the actor's legs and feet tightly behind him. "The Films of Lon Chaney". He begged a witness to this act of kindness to keep quiet, explaining, "I will never hear the end of it. "The Films of Lon Chaney". "The Films of Lon Chaney". The year after his star-making turn in Riddle Gwane, Chaney appeared in a role that would truly showcase his talents. Chaney died of heart failure at age 67 on July 12, 1973 in San Clemente, California. Lon B Chaney passed away on December 15, 1973 at 87 years of age. However, as revealed by biographer Michael F. Blake, Chaney's stake in the epic production was far more than originally assumed. The Chaneys continued touring, settling in California in 1910. He was born on March 31, 1886. During the filming of Thunder in the winter of 1929, Chaney developed pneumonia. Leonidas Frank Chaney was born in Colorado Springs, Colorado, to Frank H. Chaney (1852–1927) and Emma Alice Kennedy. Vestal Press Inc. By this time, Chaney had worked as a stagehand in a local theater and appeared onstage in a few bit roles. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Vestal Press Inc. The extent of special makeup effects in film was limited to stage techniques consisting mainly of beards, wigs, and simple aging accomplished through highlighting and shading. Blake, Michael F. (1998). In fact, the hump was constructed of much lighter plaster and was closer to 20 pounds. However, he didn't consider acting a serious career option until some time later. Soon, Lon Chaney was performing in popular traveling stage productions and vaudeville shows. Specializing in villainous, misshapen, or macabre roles, Chaney quickly gained a reputation as a solid character actor with a special talent for makeup. Blake, Michael F. (1998). Born: 1-Apr-1883 Birthplace: Colorado Springs, CO Died: 26-Aug-1930 Location of death: Hollywood, CA Cause of death: Cancer - Lung Remains: Buried, Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery, Glendale, CA Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Actor Nationality: United States Executive summary: … He also earned the respect and admiration of numerous aspiring actors, to whom he offered mentoring assistance, and between takes on film sets he was always willing to share his professional observations with the cast and crew. Vestal Press Inc. Following his death, Chaney's famous makeup case was donated to the Los Angeles County Museum by his widow, Hazel. His body was donated for medical research. Chaney received first billing in this film for the first time in his career. Although the genesis of horror cinema lies in the German Expressionist classics Nosferatu and The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, the golden age of the genre as an American phenomenon begins in 1925 with the appearance of the first universally recognized movie monster, the Phantom of the Opera. Lon's cause of death was throat hemorrhage. According to Academy Award-winning makeup artist Rick Baker, the impetus for his career choice hinged on an image of Lon Chaney. Page 8. The film displayed not only Chaney's acting ability, but also his talent as a master of makeup. Ray Bradbury once said of Chaney, "He was someone who acted out our psyches. Shot on volatile silver nitrate stock, many films of the silent era, including the bulk of Lon Chaney's output, have been lost to the ravages of time. As Quasimodo, the grotesquely deformed bell ringer, Chaney underwent a grueling three-hour process to apply the elaborate makeup, which included a 20-pound plaster hump attached with a leather harness which prevented him from standing erect. "I am fascinated by [Lon Chaney]. Lon Chaney, Jr. AKA Creighton Tull Chaney. Either way, Lon Chaney was a man that truly suffered for his art. Page 38. The Library of Congress/FIAF American Silent Feature Film Survival Catalog: Lon Chaney Sr. Man of 1,000 Faces – Facebook, http://silentera.com/PSFL/indexes/index.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lon_Chaney&oldid=996674272, Burials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale), Male actors from Colorado Springs, Colorado, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from November 2018, All articles needing additional references, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Turner Classic Movies person ID different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The Russian Count wearing a beard (uncredited), Lon (an old moonshiner with a wild beard), Some sources say Chaney wrote the screenplay as well (but this is disputed). During this time, Chaney befriended the husband-wife director team of Joe De Grasse and Ida May Park, who gave him substantial roles in their pictures, and further encouraged him to play macabre characters. A subject of endless controversy, rumors of existing prints lost under alternate titles or locked away in private collections are a constant source of debate among horror fans and cinema aficionados. "The Films of Lon Chaney". A print exists in the CNC French Film Archives, Dual Role as both Henry Norton and as Porter Brixton (two step-brothers), Uncredited (his appearance in this film is unconfirmed, but Blake's book says Chaney was in the film), Chaney wrote the screenplay for this film, Later edited down into a shorter version called, Locan, Clarence A. Vestal Press Inc. Vestal Press Inc. Casting crews knew that they could place him in virtually any part and he would thrive. Lon Chaney Jr.’s Estimated Net Worth, Age, Biography, Career, Social media accounts i.e. Lon Chaney, Sr. Graham Chapman Rose Cipollone Gloria Clapp Rosemary Clooney Ty Cobb Nat King Cole Chuck Connors Gary Cooper Luiz Jose Costa Noel Coward Bing Crosby ... > cigarette addiction did in fact cause his death. Also, learn details Info regarding the Current Net worth of Lon Chaney Jr. as well as Lon Chaney Jr. ‘s earnings, … In 1925, Lon Chaney starred in the role that would cement his reputation as one cinema's first masters of horror. They were occasionally be joined by Claire DuBrey nearly making the trio a quartet of recurring actors from film to film. In a 1991 interview with Patsy Ruth Miller, The Hunchback of Notre Dame's Esmerelda, the actress conjectured that pain was part of Chaney's process. Dual role: Ben Morrison (as an old man and as his younger self), Only the first two reels of the picture survive at the Library of Congress. I'm pretty sure the coroner's report would not For the 1957 film, see, Internet Movie Database, IMDb.com ; film listings on. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Also, learn details Info regarding the Current Net worth of Lon Chaney as well as Lon Chaney ‘s earnings, Worth, … Although she survived the attempt, she could no longer sing. Born: 10-Feb-1906 Birthplace: Oklahoma City, OK Died: 12-Jul-1973 Location of death: San Clemente, CA Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Other (donated to USC) Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Actor Nationality: United States Executive summary: The Wolf Man Father: Lon Chaney … After slipping into a coma, Lon Chaney died of a hemorrhage in his throat on August 26, 1930. Chaney was a star on the rise. At 14, Lon's knack for entertaining found a paying outlet when he became a tour guide at Pikes Peak. Vestal Press Inc. Blake, Michael F. (1998). "The Films of Lon Chaney". In 1912, Lon Chaney took a job with Universal Studios. Blake, Michael F. (1998). Page 20. Lon Chaney. "The Films of Lon Chaney". Newspapers reported in month following Chaney's death that the immediate cause of Chaney's death was a hemorrhage of the lungs. It was not until he played a substantial role in William S. Hart's picture Riddle Gawne (1918) that Chaney's talents as a character actor were truly recognized by the industry. Chaney had optioned the rights to Victor Hugo's novel and had been trying to secure funding long before the project wound up at Universal. "I felt that he almost relished that pain," Miller said. To create Erik's deathly appearance, Chaney employed a combination of techniques, including traditional highlighting and shading with greasepaint and the cotton and collodion method he used to sculpt Quasimodo's features in The Hunchback of Notre Dame. Blake, Michael F. (1998). "The Films of Lon Chaney". Portrayed Monsters By William M. Freeman. Chaney married one of his former colleagues in the Kolb and Dill company, a chorus girl named Hazel Hastings. As owner of the property, Chaney was, in essence, an uncredited producer with a great deal of creative control over the film, which more than justified his hard-won salary of $2,500 per week. Page 60. The history of Lon Chaney is the history of unrequited loves. "...It gave him that feeling he wanted to have of a tortured creature.". Vestal Press Inc. He never revealed personal details about himself or his family, once stating, "Between pictures, there is no Lon Chaney. He entered a stage career in 1902, and began traveling with popular Vaudeville and theater acts. At last free from Universal, Chaney, with a proven body of work and his unequalled makeup skills, was able to negotiate his own rate. His funeral was held on August 28 in Glendale, California. Despite Chaney's popularity and enduring influence, he remains a mystery. Vestal Press Inc. Vestal Press Inc. The end. Page 53. Lon Chaney passed away on April 4, 1991 at 96 years of age. "It was then," she said, "I became aware for the first time of the difference between standing in front of a camera, and acting. Chaney immediately quit Universal and struck out on his own as a freelance actor. Blake, Michael F. (1998). Creighton, born Frances Cleveland Creighton, was a 16-year-old singer hoping to land a job as an entertainer with the company with which Chaney was touring. Vestal Press Inc. An extreme case of this was the film Outside the Law (1920), where he played a character that shot and killed another character, whom he also was playing.. "The Films of Lon Chaney". According to Chaney biographer Michael F. Blake, the actor suffered a series pulmonary hemorrhages shortly after the film's premiere. "Erik, The Phantom" in The Phantom of the Opera (1925), "Hypnotist" in London After Midnight (1927), "Man of a Thousand Faces" redirects here. Instagram, Facebook, Twitter, Family, Wiki. Page 51. 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