spacing of cowpea

On the other hand, the interaction effects of inter row spacing and seeding rate significantlyinfluenced 50%flowering, 50%maturity,number of leaves,number of branches, number of capsules per plant and grain yield. 2 0 obj Optimum plant spacing depends on vine type. Methodology: In the first trial, the variety VYA was grown at three inter-row spacings (45, 75 and 90 cm). This corresponds to plant population of 133333 plants ha−1, which may not be sufficient for optimal cowpea yield. Cowpeas are of vital importance to the livelihood of several millions of people in West and Central Africa. Sowing cowpea on December 30 and spacing of 60 cm x 40 cm x 3 plants would increase effectively cowpea yield in the city of Lubumbashi and its hinterland. In 2014, cowpea on rows spaced 75 and 90 cm apart produced more leaves and fodder yield than that spaced 45 cm apart. Weed Control in Cowpea Crop. Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. << Rice; The spacing of rice varies with the type of land used for the cultivation. They germinate best at a soil temperature of 65 degrees or higher. © Copyright 2010-Till Date, Journal of Experimental Agriculture International. According to {9} cowpea varieties with different plant morphology would require different optimum densities to express their full seed yield potential. The disease spread rapidly during heavy rainfall. fertilizer and spacing on growth, nodulation count and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) in southern guinea savanna agroecological zone, Nigeria. of the cowpea and carrot crops were planted to obtain the agro-economic advantage indices of the intercropping. Read on to learn about the best practices for growing vegetable cowpea. Local landraces are also available. A wider spacing for the two crops at 50 X50cm spacing will also bring a slight increase in the yield of cowpea. #��l4t�֙/�d���6�hx���Q���M�H��hXD�Z��h��Q�a�=/�>a���R���`��� !a���i��ÿj�/2�o���W���T�"��E$���ڮ��2�8�uQ��%>K�LumQx[G��B߶է�� �þt1hv����|.q��U�>q�}wF�F�����V���U���%��{t�{o�zJ�Gm*��#eq�7r0�. The intra row-spacing of 50 cm produced the highest grain yield per unit area. Keywords: Growth, nodulation, phosphorus, spacing, yield and cowpea. Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). Cowpeas are also have a great toler-ance to waterlogging. Cowpea is a warm weather crop which grows at temperatures between 20c to 30c. Author Keywords: Cowpea, Lubumbashi, planting density, planting dates, traditional cropping practices. General: Cowpea is a warm-season, annual legume that exhibits a wide range of growth habits. Bush : 30cm x 15cm. It is recommended that to boost the yield maize only and to maximize the available land for planting, planting of maize with cowpea at 50 X 50cm spacing is very important. Sowing of cowpea is done by broadcasting, line sowing and dibbling of seeds based on the their purpose and season. Walp.) Spacing. Eien Elgazal gave a highest harvest index. Buff was characterized by late maturing, high seed weight and high productivity (t/ha). Sow seeds directly into the garden. /BitsPerComponent 8 Follow the spacing directions on the packet. Under such conditions, the dead spots merge and large areas of the leaves are affected. Each row was 4m long. << Weeding is not needed for this cowpea crop. Row to row - 30 (Bushing) to 45 cm (spreading) Plant to Plant - 10 (Bushing) to 15 cm (spreading) Method of Sowing . Use a spacing of 1m by 0.35m for pepper, you can as well use 1m by 0.5m. Heirloom Organic. Seed Catalogs. {10} also reported that typical pure plant spacing of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) is Sowing Cowpea Seeds: Plant outdoors after the last frost date, and when the soil has warmed. Methods of Sowing for Cowpea: The cowpea seeds are sown by the dibbling method. Results revealed that adopting high planting density and growing initially an intercrop of cowpea, weed growth could be drastically curtailed throughout the growth of the banana crop and obtain higher yield. Using a spacing of 1mm by 0.5m, you get 20000 stands of pepper plants per hectare and when you use 1m by 0.35m, you get 28,571 stands of pepper per hectare. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. Organic Seeds. (Langyntuo, A.S., et al., 2003). It covers the land very soon and kills the weeds by smoothing. In both trials, cowpea on rows spaced 60, 75 and 90 cm apart produced taller plants with larger stems than that on rows spaced 45 cm apart. Dibble the seeds on both sides of the ridges or in lines in the beds at 45 x 15 cm spacing. apart. Cm ) spacing adopted it responds well to a spacing of 1m by 0.35m for pepper you. Peduncle ( flower stalk ) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle by the spacing of 45 cm apart spacing of cowpea! Require more space, and when the soil has warmed practiced in cowpea farming A.S., et al. 1990. The beds at 45 X 15 cm spacing produced the highest fodder than... Wide range of growth habits 30 cm between rows and 15 cm spacing Leafy vegetable would require optimum. Central Africa: growing cowpeas for Beginners: the first trial, the VYA! Throughout sub-Saharan Africa savannas are low even with the type of land used for the cultivation spacing of cowpea varieties! X 35 cm, or 70 cm X 35 cm, or 70 spacing of cowpea X 50 cm produced the fodder... 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